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Discover the differences between types of stretchers and when to use them

Stretchers are essential in first aid for the safe transport of patients. Each type of stretcher has specific characteristics:



  • Scoop Stretchers: Ideal for lifting without excessive patient movement.
  • Rigid Stretchers: Used in emergencies for transport on uneven surfaces.
  • Folding Stretchers: Perfect for storage in small spaces and easy to transport.
  • Ambulance Stretchers: Designed for easy maneuvering and securing in emergency vehicles.
  • Vacuum Mattresses: Used to immobilize patients with suspected fractures or trauma.


Scoop Stretchers

Scoop stretchers are designed to transfer patients without lifting them completely off the ground. This type splits into two parts longitudinally and can be positioned around the patient, minimizing movement, which is crucial in case of suspected spinal injuries.



Rigid Stretchers

Rigid stretchers, usually made of robust materials like aluminum or reinforced plastic, are used where a stable and secure base is necessary. They are ideal for rescue scenarios in difficult environments or transport over rough terrain.



Folding Stretchers

Folding stretchers offer great versatility due to their ability to be compacted and easily transported. These stretchers are often used in urban settings or where storage space is limited.



Ambulance Stretchers

These stretchers are specifically designed for use inside ambulances. They are equipped with fastening systems to ensure patient safety during transport and often include lifting mechanisms for easier loading and unloading.



Vacuum Mattresses

Vacuum mattresses are used to completely immobilize patients with suspected multiple fractures or severe trauma. They work by removing air from the mattress to conform to the patient’s body shape, offering rigid and personalized support.




Choosing the right stretcher depends on the specific situation and the patient’s condition. Each type of stretcher has its advantages and limitations, and it is essential that rescue personnel are properly trained to use them correctly. For more details on the products, visit PVS S.p.A..